• River: Tennessee River
• Length: 150 Miles
• Surface Area: 15,930 Acres
• Volume: 641,000 Acre Feet
• Drainage Area: 30,750 Square Miles
• Average Depth: 40 Feet
• Length: 16 Miles
An impoundment of the Tennessee River, Wilson Lake was formed by the creation of Wilson Dam, which separates Wilson Lake from its downstream neighbor, Pickwick Lake. Wilson Lake features healthy populations of numerous game fish, including largemouth bass, smallmouth bass and crappie.
Visitors to Wilson Lake are able to enjoy the benefits of angling, recreational boating and the natural beauty of bordering wildlife refuges. All of these features attract numerous visitors to the lake. In addition, the fishery draws numerous fishing tournaments to these waters. Both local and national events are held on Wilson Lake on a regular basis.
Size and Depth - 15,930 acres with a maximum depth of 90 feet. The lake is approximately 18 miles long. Full pool elevation is 508 feet.
Water Source - An impoundment of the Tennessee River, Wilson Lake was formed by the creation of the Wilson Dam. In addition to the Tennessee River, several small feeder creeks, tributaries and rain runoff add additional inflows to the lake.
Shoreline - 154 miles of mostly developed shoreline are found around the lake. Occasional areas of rock bluffs and wooded regions are also present.
Bottom - Primarily a mixture of mud, silt, rock and sand. The main river channel is characterized by bedrock and mud. Backwater and tailrace areas contain silt, sand and muck.
Water - Wilson Lake is moderately fertile throughout. Visible clarity varies from 18 inches to 4 feet depending on current and recent rainfall.
Cover - Vegetation is sparse throughout the lake. The few areas that provide cover are marked mostly by emergent species such as water willow. Very little submergent vegetation exists.